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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: T-U

A plant. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: African Marigold, Aztec Marigold, Big Marigold, Chinchilla Enana, Dwarf Marigold, French Marigold, Genda, Huacatay, Mexican Marigold, Muster John Henry, Saffron Marigold, Stinking-Roger, Tagetes erecta, Tagetes glandulifera, Tagetes minuta, Tagetes patula, Zandu.
A fruit. The partially dried fruit is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Imlee, Imli, Tamarindo, Tamarindus indica, Tintiri.
Tamarix Dioica
Ann evergreen shrub.
Also known as: Saltcedar, Tamarisk, Tamarix.
Tannic Acid
A chemical. Found in oak leaves.
Also known as: Acide Tannique.
A plant. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bitter Buttons, Buttons, Chrysanthemi Vulgaris Flos, Chrysanthemi Vulgaris Herba, Chrysanthemum vulgare, Daisy, Erva dos Vermes, Hind Heal, Parsley Fern, Scented Fern, Stinking Willie, Tanaceto,Tanaisie, Tanacetum vulgare, Tansy Flower, Tansy Herb.
Tansy Ragwort
An herb. The above ground flowering pieces are used for medicine.
Also known as: Cankerwort, Common Ragwort, Dog Standard, European Ragwort, Hierba Cana, Hierba de Santiago, Ragweed, Ragwort, Senecio jacobaea, Séneçon Jacobée, Staggerwort, Stammerwort, St. James' Wort, Stinking Nanny.
An herb. The above ground pieces are used for medicine.
Also known as: Artemisia dracunculus, Artemisia glauca, Estragón, Little Dragon, Mugwort.
A plant. The seeds are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bearded Darnel, Cheat, Darnel, Drake, Ivraie Enivrante, Lolium temulentum, Ray-Grass, Tare.
A protein. Found in breast-milk, meat, and fish.
Also known as: 2-Aminoethylsulfonic Acid, 2-Aminoethane Sulfonic Acid, Acide Aminoéthylsulfonique, Acide Kétoisocaproïque de Taurine, Acid Aminoethanesulfonate, Aminoethanesulfonate, Aminoéthylsulfonique, Éthyl Ester de Taurine, L-Taurine, Taurina, Taurine Ethyl Ester, Taurine Ketoisocaproic Acid.
Tea Tree Oil
Derived from the leaves of the tea tree. It is used for medicine.
Also known as: Aceite del Árbol de Té, Australian Tea Tree Oil, Huile de Melaleuca, Huile de Théier, Huile de Théier Australien, Huile Essentielle de Théier, Melaleuca alternifolia, Melaleuca Oil, Oil of Melaleuca, Oleum Melaleucae, Tea Tree Essential Oil.
An herb. The roots are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Barber's Brush, Brushes and Combs, Card Thistle, Cardère Sauvage, Church Broom, Dipsacus sylvestris, Venus' Basin.
A tree. The bark and fruit are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Arjuna, Axjun Argun, Baheda, Bahera, Bala Harade, Balera, Behada, Beleric Myrobalan, Belleric Myrobalan, Belliric Myrobalan, Bhibitaki, Bibhitak, Bibitaki, Chebulic Myrobalan, Hara, Harad, Harada, Haritaki, He Zi, Hirala, Indian Almond, Kalidruma, Karshaphala, Myrobalan, Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellirica, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia chebulic, Tropical Almond, Vibhitaki.
A chemical. Found in black tea that is formed from fermentation of green tea.
Also known as: Théaflavin, Theaflavin-3-gallate, Theaflavin-3'-gallate, Theaflavin-3-3'-digallate, Theaflavins.
An amino acid. Found in green tea.
Also known as: 5-N-ethylglutamine, Gamma-glutamylethylamide, L-Theanine, L-Théanine, N-Éthyl-L-Glutamine, Teanina, Théanine.
An amino acid.
Also known as: L-threonine, Treonina.
A tree. The leaves and leaf oil are used as a medicine.
Also known as: American Arborvitae, Arborvitae, Cedar Leaf Oil, Cedre, Cedre Blanc, Eastern Arborvitae, Eastern White Cedar, Hackmatack, Northern White Cedar, Swamp Cedar, Thuga, Thuja, Thuja occidentalis, Thuya, Thuya du Canada, Tree of Life, White Cedar.
Thunder God Vine
An herb. Its leaves and root are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Huang-T'eng Ken, Lei Gong Teng, Lei-Kung T'eng, Taso-Ho-Hua, Threewingnut, Tonnerre de la Vigne de Dieu, Tripterigium Wilfordii, Tripterygium wilfordii, Yellow Vine.
An herb. The flowers, leaves, and oil are used as medicine.
Also known as: Common Thyme, French Thyme, Garden Thyme, Oil of Thyme, Red Thyme Oil, Rubbed Thyme, Spanish Thyme, Thym, Thym Commun, Thyme Aetheroleum, Thyme Essential Oil, Thyme Oil, Thymi herba, Thymus vulgaris, Thymus zygis, Tomillo, Van Ajwayan, Vanya Yavani, White Thyme Oil.
Thymus Extract
A chemical. Either man-made or produced from the glands of cows.
Also known as: Extracto de Timo, Extrait de Thymus, Predigested Thymus Extract, Pure Thymic Extract, Thymic Extract, Thymic Peptide, Thymic Protein, Thymic Protein A, Thymomodulin, Thymosin, Thymostimulin, Thymus, Thymus Acid Lysate Derivative, Thymus Complex, Thymus Concentrate, Thymus-Derived Polypeptides, Thymus Factors, Thymus Polypeptides, Thymus Substance.
A naturally occurring chemical in the body and can also be man-made.
Also known as: Triac; triiodothyroacetic acid; 3,3', 5-triiodothyroacetic acid.
Tolu Balsam
Comes from a tree. The sap-like substance is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Balsam, Balsam Tolu, Balsamum Tolutanum, Baumieer du Pérou, Myroxylon balsamum, Myroxylon balsamum var. balsamum, Opobalsam, Resin Tolu, Resina Tolutana, Thomas Balsam, Toluifera balsamum, Tolu, Toluiferum Balsamum.
A plant. The fruit, leaf, and vine are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Extrait de Tomate, Love Apple, Lycopersicon esculentum, Raktamaci, Tamatar, Tomate.
Tonka Bean
A tree. The fruit and seed are used for medicine.
Also known as: Coumarouna Odorata, Cumaru, Dipteryx odorata, Dutch Tonka, English Tonka, Fève Tonka, Tonka, Tonka Seed, Tonquin Bean, Torquin Bean.
An herb. The root is used for medicine.
Also known as: Biscuits, Bloodroot, Cinquefoil, Earthbank, English Sarsaparilla, Ewe Daisy, Flesh and Blood, Potentilla, Potentilla erecta, Septfoil, Shepherd's Knapperty, Shepherd's Knot, Thormantle, Tormentilla, Tormentillae rhizoma, Tormentille.
A plant. The resin of the plant is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Adragante, Astragalus gummifera, Goat's Thorn, Green Dragon, Gum Dragon, Gummi Tragacanthae, Gum Tragacanth, Hog Gum, Syrian Tragacanth, Tragacanth Gum, Tragacanto.
Trailing Arbutus
An herb. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Epigaea repens, Épigée Rampante, Gravel Plant, Ground Laurel, Mountain Pink, Water Pink, Winter Pink.
Transfer Factor
Chemicals that are taken from a human or animal that have already established immunity from a certain disease.
Also known as: Bovine Dialyzable Leukocyte Extract, Bovine Dialyzable Transfer Factor, Bovine Transfer Factor, Dialyzable Leukocyte Extract, Dialyzable Transfer Factor, DLE, Facteur de Transfert, Factor de Transferencia, Human Dialyzable Leukocyte Extract, Human Transfer Factor, TF, TFd.
Traveler's Joy
An herb. The leaves are used for medicine.
Also known as: Clematis vitalba, Clématite des Haies, Old Man's Beard.
Tree Of Heaven
A plant. The dried trunk and root bark are used for medicine.
Also known as: Ailanthus altissima, Ailanthus cacodendron, Ailanthus giraldii, Ailanthus glandulosa, Ailanthus vilmoriniana, Ailante, Ailanto, A-Lan-Thus, Árbol del Cielo, Chinese Sumach, Chuen Gen Pi, Chun Pi, Copal Tree, Heaven Tree, Indian Tree of Heaven, Paradise Tree, Rhus cacodendron, Stinktree, Toxicodendron altissimum, Varnish Tree, Vernis de Japon.
Tree Turmeric
A plant. The fruit, stems, leaves, wood, root, and root bark are used for medicine.
Also known as: Berberis aristata, Berberis chitria, Berberis coriaria, Chitra, Darhahed, Darhald, Daruhaldi, Daruharidra, Darurajani, Darvi, Hint Amberparisi, Indian Barberry, Indian Berberry, Indian Lycium, Indian Ophthalmic Barberry, Nepal Barberry Nepalese Barberry, Ophthalmic Barberry.
Trichopus Zeylanicus
A rare plant that is native to India.
Also known as: Arogya Pacha, Arogyapacha, Ginseng of Kani Tribes, T. zeylanicus.
An herb. Used to make medicine.
Also known as: Common Yellow Elder, Esperanza, Rohi, Rohida Tree, Rohitaka, Tecoma Amarilla, Tecoma stans, Tecomans Stans, Trumpet Bush, Yellow Bells, Yellow Trumpet Bush.
A protein. Found in the body.
Also known as: Proteinase, Proteolytic Enzyme, Tripsin, Tripsina, Trypsine.
Tung Seed
A tree. The oil and the kernels are used for medicine.
Also known as: Aleurites cordatus, Aleurites javanicus, Aleurites moluccanus, Aleurites pentaphyllus, Aleurites remyi, Aleurites trilobus, Balucanat, Candleberry, Candleberry Tree, Candlenut, China-Wood Oil, Country Walnut, Indian Walnut, Kukui, Jatropha moluccana, Noyer des Moluques, Otaheite Walnut, Tung, Varnish Tree, Vernicia cordata.
Turkey Corn
A plant. The tuber is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bleeding Heart, Dicentra cucullaria, Dicentre à Capuchon, Dutchman's Breeches, Squirrel Corn, Staggerweed.
A plant. The root is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Curcuma, Curcuma aromatica, Curcuma domestica, Curcumae longa, Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Curcumin, Curcumine, Curcuminoid, Curcuminoïde, Curcuminoïdes, Curcuminoids, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Racine de Curcuma, Radix Curcumae, Rajani, Rhizoma Cucurmae Longae, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, Yu Jin.
Turpentine Oil
Made from the resin of certain pine trees. It is used for medicine.
Also known as: Pinus australis, Pinus palustris, Pinus pinaster, Purified Turpentine Oil, Spirits Of Turpentine, Térébenthine, Terebinthinae aetheroleum, Turpentine.
Turtle Head
A plant. The above ground pieces and root are used for medicine.
Also known as: Balmony, Bitter Herb, Chelone, Chelone glabra, Hummingbird Tree, Salt-rheum Weed, Shellflower, Snakehead, Turtlebloom.
An amino acid. The body produces tyrosine from another amino acid called phenylalanine. Found also in dairy products, meats, fish, eggs, nuts, beans, oats, and wheat.
A lichen that grows on trees. The plant body is used for medicine.
Also known as: Barba de Capuchino, Beard Moss, Musgo de los Arboles, Old Man's Beard, Sodium Usniate, Tree Moss, Tree's Dandruff, Usnea barbata, Usnea florida, Usnea hirta, Usnea Lichen, Usnea plicata, Usnée, Usnic Acid, Woman's Long Hair.
Uva Ursi
A plant. The leaves are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Arberry, Arbutus uva-ursi, Bearberry, Beargrape, Bearsgrape, Common Bearberry, Hogberry, Kinnikinnik, Manzanita, Mountain Box, Mountain Cranberry, Ptarmigan Berry, Raisin D'Ours, Red Bearberry, Redberry, Rockberry, Sagackhomi, Sandberry, Uva del Oso, Uvae ursi folium.
A plant. The root is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Uzarae Radix, Xysmalobium undulatum.

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