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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: R

Rabdosia Rubescens
An herb. The whole plant is used for medicine.
Also known as: Bing Ling Cao, Blushred Rabdosia, Dong Ling Cao, Isodon rubescens, Lui Yue Ling, Po Xue Cao, Rubescens, Sui Mi Ya.
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Black Radish, Black Spanish Radish, Daikon Radish, Long Black Spanish Radish, Moolak, Mooli Beej, Rábano, Radis, Raphani Sativi Radix, Red Radish, Round Black Spanish Radish, Small Radish, Spanish Radish, Spanish Black Radish, Turnip Radish.
Red Bush Tea
Made from the branches and twigs of a tree.
Also known as: Aspalathus linearis, Aspalathus contaminatus, Borbonia pinifolia, Green Red Bush, Kaffree Tea, Psoralea linearis, Red Bush, Rooibos Tea, Té Rojo, Té Rojo Rooibos, Thé Rouge.
Red Clover
A plant. The flower tops are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Beebread, Clovone, Cow Clover, Daidzein, Genistein, Isoflavone, Meadow Clover, Miel des Prés, Phytoestrogen, Purple Clover, Trebol Rojo, Trèfle Commun, Trèfle des Prés, Trèfle Pourpre, Trèfle Rouge, Trèfle Rougeâtre, Trèfle Violet, Trefoil, Trifolium, Trifolium pratense, Wild Clover.
Red Maple
A tree. The bark is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Acer rubrum, Arce Rojo, Bird's Eye Maple, Érable Rouge, Sugar Maple, Swamp Maple.
Red Raspberry
A plant. The leaves and fruits are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Framboise, Framboise Rouge, Frambuesa Roja, Raspberry, Raspberry Ketone, Rubi Idaei Folium, Rubus, Rubus buschii, Rubus idaeus, Rubus strigosus
Red Sandalwood
A plant. The heartwood is used as medicine.
Also known as: Bois de Santal Rouge, Pterocarpus santalinus, Rakta Chandan, Red Sanderswood, Red Saunders, Rubywood, Sándalo Rojo, Sandalwood Padauk, Santali Lignum Rubrum, Santalum Rubrum, Sappan.
Red Soapwort
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Bouncing-Bet, Saponaire, Saponaria officinalis, Saponariae Rubrae Radix, Soapwort.
Red Yeast
The product of rice fermented with Monascus purpureus yeast.
Also known as: Arroz de Levadura Roja, Cholestin, Hong Qu, Koji Rouge, Levure de Riz Rouge, Monascus, Monascus purpureus, Monascus Purpureus Went, Red Rice, Red Rice Yeast, Red Yeast Rice, Riz Rouge, Xue Zhi Kang, XueZhiKang, XZK, Zhibituo, Zhi Tai.
Red-Spur Valerian
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Bouncing Bess, Bovis and Soldier, Centranthus ruber, Delicate Bess, Drunken Sailor, Fox's-Brush, Jupiter's Beard, Pretty Betsy, Red Spur Valerian, Red Valerian, Valeriana rubra, Valériane Rouge.
Reed Herb
A plant. The stem and underground stem (rhizome) are used as medicine.
Also known as: Common Reed, Ditch Reed, Giant Reed, Phragmites, Phragmites communis, Reed, Roseau Commun, Roseau Commun ou Sagne, Schilf.
A plant. The root and above ground piecess are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Chinese Floxglove, Chinese Rehmanniae Radix, Chinese RR, Di Huang, Dihuang, Gun-Ji-Whang, Japanese Rehmanniae Radix, Japanese RR, Jio, Juku-Jio, Kan-Jio, R. Glutinosa, Rehmanniae, Rehmannia Glutinosa Oligosaccharide, Rehmannia glutinosa, Rehmannia Radac, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Root, RR, Rhemannia Root, Rehmannia Steamed Root, RGAE, RGX, ROS, Saeng-Ji-Whang, Sho-Jio, Shu Di Huang, Sook-Ji-Whang, To-Byun.
Reishi Mushroom
A fungus. The fruiting body and mycelium are used as medicine.
Also known as: Basidiomycetes Mushroom, Champignon Basidiomycète, Champignon d'Immortalité, Champignons Reishi, Ganoderma, Ganoderma lucidum, Hongo Reishi, Ling Chih, Ling Zhi, Mannentake, Mushroom, Mushroom of Immortality, Mushroom of Spiritual Potency, Red Reishi, Reishi, Reishi Antler Mushroom, Reishi Rouge, Rei-Shi, Spirit Plant.
A chemical. Found in red wine, grape skins, grape juice, mulberries, and in smaller amounts in peanuts.
Also known as: 3,4',5-stilbenetriol, 3,5,4' -trihydroxystilbene, 3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene, 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene, Cis-Resveratrol, Extrait de Vin, Extrait de Vin Rouge, Kojo-Kon, Phytoalexin, Phytoalexine, Phytoestrogen, Phyto-œstrogène, Pilule de Vin, Protykin, Red Wine Extract, Resvératrol, Resveratrols, Resvératrols, RSV, RSVL, Stilbene Phytoalexin, Trans-Resveratrol, Trans-Resvératrol, Wine Extract, Wine Pill.
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Brazilian Rhatany, Krameria, Krameria argentea, Krameria triandra, Mapato, Peruvian Rhatany, Pumacuchu, Raiz Para Los Dientes, Ratanhia, Ratanhiae radix, Ratanhiawurzel, Red Rhatany, Rhatanhia, Rhatania.
A plant. The root and rhizome (underground stem) are used for medicine.
Also known as: Chinese Rhubarb, Da Huang, Garden Rhubarb, Himalayan Rhubarb, Indian Rhubarb, Medicinal Rhubarb, Radix Et Rhizoma Rhei, Rewandchini, Rhei, Rhei radix, Rheum australe, Rheum emodi, Rheum hybridum, Rheum officinale, Rheum palmatum, Rheum tanguticum, Rheum rhabarbarum, Rheum x cultorum, Rhubarbe, Ruibarbo, Tai Huang, Turkey Rhubarb.
A kind of sugar that is produced by the body.
Also known as: Beta-D-ribofuranose, D-ribosa, D-ribose, Ribosa.
Rice Bran
A plant. The bran is used for medicine.
Also known as: Brown Rice Bran, Cereal Fiber, Dietary Fiber, Oryza sativa, Rice Bran Oil, Ricebran Oil, Salvado de Arroz, Son Riz, Stabilized Rice Bran.
Rna And Dna
Chemical compounds that can be made by the body.
Also known as: ARN et l'ADN, ARN y ADN, DNA, Deoxynucleic Acid, Deoxyribonucleic Acid, Nuclei Acids, Nucleic, Nucleic Acid, Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, Purines, Pyrimidines, RNA, RNA-DNA, RNA/DNA, Ribonucleic Acid, Ribonucleic Extract.
Rock Rose
An evergreen shrub. The flower is used for medicine.
Also known as: Cistus, Cistus creticus, Cistus lusitanicus, Cistus nummularius, Common Rock Rose, European Rock Rose, Geel Zonneroosje, Hélianthème Commun, Helianthemum nummularium, Helianthemum arcticum, Helianthemum berterianum, Helianthemum chamaecistus, Helianthemum grandiflorum, Helianthemum hirsutum, Helianthemum nitidum, Helianthemum obscurum, Helianthemum ovatum, Helianthemum pyrenaicum, Helianthemum semiglabrum, Helianthemum serpyllifolium, Helianthemum tomentosum, Helianthemum vulgare, Ladanum.
Roman Chamomile
A plant. The flower heads are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Anthemis nobilis, Babuna Ke Phool, Chamomilla, Chamomile, Chamomillae ramane flos, Camomille Romaine, Chamaemelum nobile, English Chamomile, Fleur De camomille Romaine, Flores Anthemidis, Garden Chamomile, Grosse Kamille, Ground Apple, Low Chamomile, Manzanilla, Manzanilla Romana, Roman Chamomile Essential Oil, Romische Kamille, Sweet Chamomile, Whig Plant.
Rose Geranium Oil
Derived from the leaves and stem of the rose geranium plant.
Also known as: Aceite de Geranio Rosa, Aetheroleum Pelargonii, Algerian Geranium Oil, Bourbon Geranium Oil, Geranamine, Geranium, Geranium Extract, Geranium Oil, Geranium Stems Huile de Géranium Rose, Moroccan Geranium Oil, Oleum Geranii, Pelargonium graveolens, Pelargonium Oil.
Rose Hip
The round portion of the rose flower below the petals.
Also known as: Apothecary Rose, Cynosbatos, Dog Rose, Dog Rose Hips, Églantier, Gulab, Heps, Hip, Hip Fruit, Hip Sweet, Hipberry, Hop Fruit, Persian Rose, Phool Gulab, Pink Rose, Rosa alba, Rosa centifolia, Rosa damascena, Rosa de castillo, Rosa gallica, Rosa Mosqueta, Rosa provincialis, Rosa canina, Rose Hips, Rosa lutetiana, Rosa pomifera, Rosa rugosa, Rosa villosa, Satapatri, Rosae pseudofructus cum semen, Rosehip, Rosehips, Satapatrika, Shatpari, Wild Boar Fruit.
An herb. The leaf is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Compass Plant, Compass Weed, Old Man, Polar Plant, Romarin, Romero, Rosmarinus officinalis, Rusmari, Rusmary.
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Arctic Root, Extrait de Rhodiole, Golden Root, Hongjingtian, King's Crown, Lignum Rhodium, Orpin Rose, Racine d'Or, Racine Dorée, Racine de Rhadiola, Rhodiola, Rhodiola rosea, Rhodiole, Rhodiole Rougeâtre, Rodia Riza, Rose Root, Rose Root Extract, Rosenroot, Sedum rhodiola, Sedum rosea, Siberian Golden Root, Siberian Rhodiola Rosea.
A plant. The root is used as medicine.
Also known as: Compass Weed, Pilot Weed, Polar Plant, Silphium, Silphium laciniatum.
Royal Jelly
A milky secretion produced by worker honey bees.
Also known as: Apis mellifera, Bee Saliva, Bee Spit, Gelée Royale, Honey Bee Milk, Honey Bee's Milk, Jalea Real, Royal Bee Jelly.
A plant. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Common Rue, Garden Rue, German Rue, Herb-of-Grace, Herbygrass, Raute, Ruda, Ruda de Castilla, Rue Officinale, Ruta Grav, Ruta graveolens, Rutae Folium, Rutae Herba, Sudapa.
A plant. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bruchkraut, Flax Weed, Herniaire, Herniaria glabra, Herniaria hirsuta, Herniariae Herba, Herniary.
Rusty-Leaved Rhododendron
A plant. The leaves are used as medicine.
Also known as: Rhododendri Ferruginei Folium, Rhododendron Ferrugineaux, Rhododendron ferrugineum, Rosebay, Rust-Red Rhododendron, Rusty Leaved Rhododendron, Snow Rose.
A plant pigment (flavonoid) that is found in fruits and vegetables.
Also known as: Bioflavonoid, Bioflavonoid Complex, Bioflavonoid Concentrate, Bioflavonoid Extract, Citrus Bioflavones, Citrus Bioflavonoid, Citrus Bioflavonoids, Citrus Bioflavonoid Extract, Citrus Flavones, Citrus Flavonoids, Eldrin, Flavonoid, Oxerutin, Quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside, Quercetin-3-rutinoside, Rutina, Rutine, Rutinum, Rutosid, Rutoside, Rutosidum, Sclerutin, Sophorin.
Rye Grass
A plant. The pollen is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Ballico, Cernilton, Cernitin, Grass Pollen, Grass Pollen Extract, Raygrás, Ray-Grass, Rye, Rye Grass Pollen, Rye Grass Pollen Extract, Secale cereale.
A plant. The flower and seed oil are used as medicine.
Also known as: Alazor, American Saffron, Bastard Saffron, Benibana, Benibana Oil, Benibana Flower, Cártamo, Carthame, Carthamus tinctorius, Dyer's Saffron, Fake Saffron, False Saffron, Hing Hua, Honghua, Kusumbha, Kusum Phool, Safflower Nut Oil, Safflower Oil, Zaffer, Zafran.
A plant. The stigmas are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Autumn Crocus, Azafrán, Azafron, Croci stigma, Crocus sativus, Indian Saffron, Kashmira, Kesar, Kumkuma, Saffron Crocus, Safran, Spanish Saffron, True Saffron, Zafran.
An herb. The leaf is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Common Sage, Dalmatian Sage, Feuille de la Bergère, Garden Sage, Herbe Sacré, Meadow Sage, Salvia lavandulaefolia, Salvia officinalis, Sauge, Sauge Ananas, Sauge des Prairies, Sauge Divinatoire, Sauge Divine, Sauge Domestique, Sauge Officinale, Scarlet Sage, Spanish Sage, True Sage, Vraie Sauge.
An herb. The root and stem are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Chundan, Kathala Hibutu Tea, Ponkoranti, SO, S. oblonga, Salacia oblonga, Salacia reticulata.
A plant. The tuber is used as medicine.
Also known as: Cuckoo Flower, Levant Salep, Orchid, Orchis morio, Sahlep, Salep Orchid, Saloop, Satyrion.
A chemical that is found naturally in the body.
Also known as: Ademetionine, Adenosylmethionine, Adénosylméthionine, S-Adenosyl Methionine, S-Adénosyl Méthionine, S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine, S-Adénosyl-L-Méthionine, S-Adenosylmethionine, S-Adénosylméthionine, S-Adenosylmethionine Butanedisulfonate, S-Adenosylmethionine Tosylate, S-Adenosylmethionine Tosylate Disulfate, SAM, SAM-e, Sammy.
A plant. The above ground pieces are used as medicine.
Also known as: Crest Marine, Criste Marine, Crithmum maritimum, Fenouil Marin, Peter's Cress, Pierce-Stone, Sampier, Sea Fennel.
Sandy Everlasting
A plant. The dried flowers are used as medicine.
Also known as: Common Shrubby Everlasting, Eternal Flower, Elichrysum orientale, Elichrysum stoechas, Everlasting, Fleur de Pied de Chat, Gnaphalium angustifolium, Gnaphalium italicum, Gnaphalium orientale, Gnaphalium stoechas, Goldilocks, Harnblumen, Helichrysum, Helichrysum augustifolium, Helichrysum italicum, Helichrysum oriental, Helichrysum stoechas, Helicriso, Immortelle de'Italie, Katzenpfotchenbluten, Sardinian Dwarf Curry Plant, Yellow Chaste Weed.
Sangre De Grado
A tree. The tree bark and sap are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Blood of the Dragon, Croton lechleri, Drago, Dragon's Blood, Lan-Hiqui, Laniqui, Sang de Dragon, Sangre de Drago, Sangre de Dragon, Sangue de Agua, Sangue de Drago, SP 303, SP-303, Taspine.
A plant. The above ground pieces are used as medicine.
Also known as: European Sanicle, Poolroot, Sanicula europaea, Saniculae Herba, Self-Heal, Wood Sanicle.

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