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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: Po-Pz

A plant. The root and underground stem are used to make medicine.
Also known as: American Mandrake, Devil's Apple, Duck's Foot, Ground Lemon, Himalayan Mayapple, Hog Apple, Indian Apple, Indian Podophyllum, Mandrake, Mayapple, Pa Giao Lian, Podófilo, Podophyllin, Podophyll pelati rhizoma/resina, Podophyllum peltatum, Podophyllum hexandrum, Podophyllum emodi, Podophyllum peltatum, Raccoon Berry, Sinopodophyllum emodi, Umbrella Plant, Vegetable Calomel, Vegetable Mercury, Wild Lemon, Wild Mandrake.
A flowering plant. The whole plant and its sap are used for medicine.
Also known as: Christmas Flower, Easter Flower, Euphorbia poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, Lobster Flower Plant, Lobsterplant, Mexican Flame Leaf, Paintedleaf, Papagallo, Poinsettia pulcherrima.
Poison Ivy
A plant. The leaves are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Herbe à la Puce, Hiedra Venenosa, Markweed, Poison Vine, Rhus radicans, Rhus Tox, Rhus Toxicodendron, Three-Leafed Ivy, Toxicodendron pubescens, Toxicodendron quercifolium, Toxicodendron radicans, Toxicodendron toxicarium.
Poisonous Buttercup
An herb. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Celery-Leafed Crowfoot, Cursed Crowfoot, Ranunculus sceleratus, Renoncule Scélérate.
A plant. The berry and root are used as medicine.
Also known as: American Nightshade, American Spinach, Bear's Grape, Branching Phytolacca, Cancer Jalap, Chongras, Coakum, Coakum-Chorngras, Cokan, Crowberry, Fitolaca, Garget, Hierba Carmin, Inkberry, Jalap, Kermesbeere, Phytolacca Berry, Phytolacca americana, Phytolacca decandra, Phytolaque d'Amérique, Pigeonberry, Pocan, Poke, Pokeweed berry, Pokeweed root, Raisin d'Amerique, Red-Ink Plant, Red Plant, Red Weed, Scoke, Skoke, Teinturiere, Virginian Poke.
A chemical collected from sugar cane and other sources.
Also known as: 32-C, Dotriacontanol, Heptacosanol, Hexacosanol, Nonacosanol, Octacosanol, Tetracosanol, Tétracosanol, Tetratriacontanol, Tétratriacontanol, Triacontanol.
Polypodium Leucotomos
A fern from Central America. The rhizome is used for medicine.
Also known as: Anapsos, Calaguala, Difur, Fern, P. Leucotomos, PL, PLE, Polypodium.
A tree. Various pieces of the tree and fruit are used for medicine.
Also known as: Anardana, Dadim, Dadima, Extrait de Feuille de Grenade, Extrait de Grenade, Extrait de Polyphénol de Grenade, Feuille de Grenade, Fleur de Grenade, Fruit du Grenadier, Fruit of the Dead, Granada, Grenade, Grenadier, PE, PLE, Pomegranate Extract, Pomegranate Flower, Pomegranate Fruit, Pomegranate Leaf, Pomegranate Leaf Extract, Pomegranate Polyphenol Extract, Pomme Grenade, Punica granatum, Roma, Shi Liu Gen Pi, Shi Liu Pi.
An herb. The dried unopened leaf buds are used for medicine.
Also known as: Balm of Gilead, Balsam Poplar Buds, Pappelknospen, Peupliers, Populi Gemma, Populus balsamifera, Populus candicans, Populus tacamahacca.
Poria Mushroom
A fungus. The filaments are used as medicine.
Also known as: Bai Fu Ling, Champignon Poria, China-root, Fu Ling, FuShen, Hoelen, Hongos Poria, Indian Bread, Matsuhodo, Mushroom, Polyporus, Poria, Poria cocos, Poria Cocos Sclerotium, Sclerotium of Tuckahoe, Sclerotium Poria Cocao, Sclerotium Poriae Cocos, Tuckahoe, Wolfiporia cocos.
A mineral. It is used to supplement the diet.
Also known as: Atomic number 19, K, Potasio, Potassium Acetate, Potassium Bicarbonate, Potassium Chloride, Potassium Citrate, Potassium Gluconate, Potassium Glycerophosphate, Potassium Orotate, Potassium Phosphate, Potassium Sulfate.
A plant. The tuber is used for medicine.
Also known as: Irish Potato, Ja Ying Ye, Pomme de Terre, Solanum tuberosum, White Potato.
An herb. The flower and leaf are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Crampweed, Goose Grass, Goose Tansy, Goosewort, Moor Grass, Potentilla anserina, Potentilla Ansérine, Prince's Feather, Silverweed, Trailing Tansy, Wild Agrimony.
Precatory Bean
A plant. The seed and other pieces are used as medicine.
Also known as: Abrus precatorius, Bead Vine, Black-Eyed Susan, Buddhist Rosary Bead, Crab's Eye, Glycine abrus, Gunja, Indian Bead, Jequirity Bean, Jequirity Seed, Love Bean, Lucky Bean, Ojo De Pajaro, Prayer Beads, Prayer Head, Regaliz Americano, Rosary Pea, Seminole Bead, Weather Plant, Xian Si Zi.
A chemical found in the body.
Also known as: Pregnenolona.
An herb. The above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Devil's Bit, Ofbit, Premorse Scaboius, Scabieuse, Scabiosa succisa.
Prickly Pear Cactus
A plant. The leaves, stems, flowers, and fruit are used for medicine.
Also known as: Barbary-fig Cactus, Cactus Flowers, Cactus Fruit, Cactus Pear Fruit, Gracemere-Pear, Indian-fig Prickly Pear Cactus, Nopal, Nopal Cactus, Nopales, Nopol, OPI, Oponce, Opuntia, Opuntia cardona, Opuntia ficus, Opuntia ficus-indica, Opuntia Fruit, Opuntia fuliginosa, Opuntia hyptiacantha, Opuntia lasciacantha, Opuntia macrocentra, Opuntia megacantha, Opuntia puberula, Opuntia streptacantha, Opuntia velutina, Opuntia violacea, Prickly Pear, Tuna Cardona, Westwood-Pear.
A chemical.
Also known as: 2-Diethylaminoethyl p-aminobenzoate Monohydrochloride, Gero-Vita, Gerovital, Gerovital-H3, GH-3, KH-3, Procaína, Procaïne, Procaine Hydrochloride.
A hormone that occurs naturally in the body.
Also known as: Corpus Luteum Hormone, Luteal Hormone, Luteohormone, Lutine, NSC-9704, Pregnancy Hormone, Pregnanedione, Progestational Hormone, Progesterona, Progesteronum, 4-Pregnene-3; 20-Dione.
A resin-like material from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees.
Also known as: Bee Glue, Bee Propolis, Beeswax Acid, Hive Dross, Propóleos, Propolis Balsam, Propolis Cera, Propolis d'abeille, Propolis Resin, Propolis Wax, Résine de Propolis, Russian Penicillin, Synthetic Beeswax.
Pu-Erh Tea
A product made from the Camellia sinensis plant.
Also known as: Camellia sinensis, Camellia thea, Camellia theifera, Sheng pu-erh, Shou pu-erh, Tea, Thea bohea, Thea sinensis, Thea viridis.
Puff Ball
A plant. The mushroom cap and spores are used as medicine.
Also known as: Bovista, Deer Balls, Hart's Truffle, Lycoperdon, Lycoperdon species.
A plant. The dried above ground pieces are used as medicine.
Also known as: Anemone nigricans, Anemone pratensis, Anemone pulsatilla, Anemone serotina, Easter Flower, European Pasqueflower, Meadow Anenome, Meadow Windflower, Pasque Flower, Pasqueflower, Passe Flower, Pulsatilla nigricans, Pulsatilla pratensis, Pulsatilla vulgaris, Wind Flower.
Aplant. The seed is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Calabaza, Citrouille, Cucurbita galeottii, Cucurbita mammeata, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitea peponis semen, Cucumis pepo, Field Pumpkin, Pepo, Pumpkin Seed, Pumpkin Seed Oil.
Puncture Vine
A plant. The spine-covered fruit is used as medicine.
Also known as: Abrojo, Abrojos, Al-Gutub, Baijili, Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris, Caltrop, Cat's-Head, Ci Ji Li, Common Dubbletjie, Devil's-Thorn, Devil's-Weed, Espigón, German Tribulus Terrestris, Goathead, Gokhru, Gokshur, Gokshura, Nature's Viagra, Puncture Vine, Puncture Weed, Qutiba, Small Caltrops, Tribule terrestre, Tribulis, Tribulis Terrestris, Tribulus terrestris.
Purple Loosestrife
A plant. The above ground flowering pieces are used as medicine.
Also known as: Blooming Sally, Flowering Sally, Long Purples, Loosestrife, Lythrum, Lythrum salicaria, Milk Willow-Herb, Purple Willow-Herb, Rainbow Weed, Salicare, Salicària, Soldiers, Spiked, Spiked Loosestrife, Willow Sage.
A tree. The bark is used as medicine.
Also known as: African Plum Tree, African Prune, African Pygeum, Ciruelo Africano, Prunus africana, Pygeum africanum, Pygeum Africanus.
A plant. Used for medicine.
Also known as: Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, Dalmation Insect Flowers, Dalmation Pellitory, Pelitre, Piretro, Pyrèthre, Pyrethrum cinerariifolium, Tanacetum cinerariifolium.
A supplement. It is also produced in the body as a result of breaking down sugar (glucose).
Also known as: Acetylformic Acid, Alpha-Keto Acid, Alpha-Ketopropionic Acid, Calcium Pyruvate, Calcium Pyruvate Monohydrate, Creatine Pyruvate, Magnesium Pyruvate, 2-Oxopropanoate, 2-Oxypropanoic Acid, Piruvato, Potassium Pyruvate, Proacemic Acid, Pyruvic Acid, Sodium Pyruvate.

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