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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: Cl-Co

Clary Sage
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Clary, Clary Wort, Clear Eye, Eyebright, Muscatel Sage, Salvia sclarea, Sauge Sclarée, See Bright.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Clemátide Recta, Clematis recta, Ground Virginsbower, Upright Virgin's Bower, Virgin's Bower.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Amor del Hortelano, Amour du Hortelano, Barweed, Bedstraw, Catchweed, Cleavers, Cleaverwort, Coachweed, Eriffe, Everlasting Friendship, Gallium, Galium aparine, Goose Grass, Goosebill, Gosling Weed, Grip Grass, Hayriffe, Hayruff, Hedge-Burs, Hedgeheriff, Love-Man, Mutton Chops, Robin-Run-in-the-Grass, Scratchweed, Stick-a-Back, Sweethearts.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Caryophylli Flos, Caryophyllum, Caryophyllus aromaticus, Clavo de Olor, Clous de Girolfe, Clove Flower, Clove Flowerbud, Clove Leaf, Clove Oil, Clove Stem, Cloves, Cloves Bud, Ding Xiang, Eugenia Aromatica, Eugenia Caryophyllata, Eugenia Caryophyllus, Flores Caryophylli, Flores Caryophyllum, Gewurznelken Nagelein, Girofle, Kreteks, Lavang, Lavanga, Oil of Clove, Syzygium aromaticum.
Clown's Mustard Plant
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Bitter Candy Tuft, Candytuft, Iberide, Iberis Amara, Iberis coronaria.
Club Moss
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Licopodio, Lycopode, Lycopodium, Lycopodium clavatum, Shen Jin Cao, Stags Horn, Vegetable Sulfur, Witch Meal, Wolfs Claw.
A plant native to China. The fruit, and seeds are used as medicine.
Also known as: Cnidii Monnieri Fructus, Cnidii Rhizoma, Cnidium Extract, Cnidium Fruit, Cnidium Fruit Extract, Cnidium Monnier, Cnidium monnieri, Cnidium Monnieri Fructus, Cnidium Seeds, Monnier's Snowparsley, Selinum monnieri, She Chuang, She Chuang Dze, She Chuang Zi.
A plant; The leaf is used for medicine.
Also known as: Bolivian Coca, Cocaine Plant, Erythroxylum coca, Erythroxylum novogranatense, Gu Ko Yi, Health Inca Tea, Huanuco Coca, Inca Health Tea, Inca Tea, Java Coca, Mate-de-Coca, Mate de Coca, Peruvian Coca, Spadic, Truxillo Coca.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Grape Bark, Guapi, Guarea guara, Guarea guidonia, Guarea rusbyi, Guarea spiciflora, Guarea trichilioides, Sycocarpus rusbyi, Trompillo, Upas.
A plant from which chocolate is made.
Also known as: Beurre de Cacao, Cacao, Chocolat, Chocolat Noir, Chocolate, Cocoa Bean, Cocoa Butter, Cocoa Oleum, Cocoa Seed, Cocoa Semen, Cocoa Testae, Dark Chocolate, Dutch Chocolate, Fève de Cacao, Graine de Cacao, Theobroma, Theobroma cacao, Theobroma sativum, Theobromine, Théobromine.
Coconut Oil
The fruit of the coconut palm tree.
Also known as: Aceite de Coco, Coconut Fatty Acid, Coconut Palm, Coco Palm, Coconut, Cocos nucifera, Cold Pressed Coconut Oil, Fermented Coconut Oil, Huile de Coco, Narikela, Virgin Coconut Oil.
Cod Liver Oil
Can be obtained from eating fresh cod liver or by taking supplements.
Also known as: Aceite de Higado de Bacalao, Acides Gras Oméga 3, Acides Gras N-3, Acides Gras Polyinsaturés, Cod Oil, Fish Liver Oil, Fish Oil, Halibut Liver Oil, Huile de Foie, Huile de Foie de Flétan, Huile de Foie de Morue, Huile de Foie de Poisson, Huile de Morue, Huile de Poisson, Liver Oil, N-3 Fatty Acids, Omega 3, Oméga 3, Omega 3 Fatty Acids, Omega-3, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Bastard Ginseng, Bellflower, Bonnet Bellflower, Chuan Dang, Codonopsis Modestae, Codonopsis pilosula, Codonopsis Pilosula Modesta, Codonopsis tangshen, Codonopsis tubulosa, Dangshen, Dong Seng, Radix Codonopsis, Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae.
Coenzyme Q-10
A vitamin-like substance found throughout the body.
Also known as: Co Q10, Co Q-10, Coenzima Q-10, Co-Enzyme 10, Coenzyme Q 10, Coenzyme Q10, Co-Enzyme Q10, Co-Enzyme Q-10, Co-Q 10, CoQ10, Co-Q10, CoQ-10, Ubidcarenone, Ubidécarénone, Ubiquinone-10
A drink made from coffee beans.
Also known as: Cafe, Café, Caffea, Coffea arabica, Coffea arnoldiana, Coffea bukobensis, Coffea canephora, Coffea Cruda, Coffea liberica, Coffea robusta, Espresso, Green Coffee, Green Coffee Bean, Java, Mocha.
Coffee Charcoal
An herb. It is produced by roasting the outer portion of coffee beans until blackened or charred.
Also known as: Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Coffea liberica.
Cola Nut
The seed of the cola nut plant.
Also known as: Bissey Nut, Bissy Nut, Cola acuminata, Cola nitida, Guru Nut, Gworo, Kola Nut, Nuez de Cola, Soudan Coffee, Sterculia acuminata.
Colloidal Minerals
Derived from clay or shale deposits.
Also known as: Anhydrous aluminum silicates, Bioelectrical Minerals, Clay Suspension Products, Colloidal Trace Minerals, Humic Shale, Minerales Coloidales, Minéraux Colloïdaux, Plant-Derived Liquid Minerals.
Colloidal Silver
A mineral.
Also known as: Argent colloïdal, Argentum Metallicum, Colloidal Silver Protein, Ionic Silver, Native Silver, Plata Coloidal, Silver, Silver Alginate, Silver in suspending agent, Silver Protein, Tetrasilver Tetroxide.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Alhandal, Bitter Apple, Bitter Cucumber, Citrullus colocynthis, Colocynth Pulp, Colocynthidis Fructus, Colocynthis vulgaris, Coloquinte, Coloquíntida, Cucumis colocynthis, Koloquinthen, Tumba, Vine-of-Sodom, Wild Gourd.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Calomba Root, Calumba, Calumbo Root, Cocculus palmatus, Jateorhiza columba, Jateorhiza miersii, Jateorhiza palmate, Menispermum columba, Menispermum palmatum, Wateorhiza palmate.
A milky fluid that comes from the breasts of humans, cows, and other mammals the first few days after giving birth before true milk appears.
Also known as: Bovine Colostrum, Bovine Immunoglobulin, Bovine Lacteal Compounds, Calostro, Cow Milk Colostrum, Goat Colostrum, Hyperimmune Bovine Colostrum.
A plant. The leaf is used for medicine.
Also known as: Ass's Foot, Brandlattich, British Tobacco, Bullsfoot, Coughwort, Farfarae Folium Leaf, Fieldhove, Filuis Ante Patrem, Flower Velure, Foal's Foot, Foalswort, Guflatich, Hallfoot, Horsefoot, Horsehoof, Kuandong Hua, Kwandong Hwa, Pas Diane, Pas d'Ane, Pferdefut, Tussilage, Tussilago Farfara, Uña de Caballo.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Ancolie Commune, Aquilegia vulgaris, Culverwort.
A plant. The leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) are used for medicine.
Also known as: Ass Ear, Black Root, Blackwort, Bruisewort, Common Comfrey, Consolidae Radix, Consoude, Consound, Consuelda, Gum Plant, Healing Herb, Knitback, Knitbone, Salsify, Slippery Root, Symphytum officinale, Wallwort.
Common Stonecrop
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Bird Bread, Creeping Tom, Gold Chain, Golden Moss, Jack-of-the-Buttery, Mousetail, Orpin Âcre, Prick Madam, Sedum acre, Wall Ginger, Wallpepper.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Common Condorvine, Condurango Cortex, Eagle-Vine Bark, Gonolobus condurango, Marsdenia condurango, Marsdenia reichenbachii.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid
Refers to a group of chemicals found in the fatty acid linoleic acid.
Also known as: Acide Linoléique Conjugué, Acide Linoléique Conjugué Cis-9,trans-11, Acide Linoléique Conjugué trans-10,cis-12, Acido Linoleico Conjugado, ALC, Cis-9,trans-11 Conjugated Linoleic Acid, CLA, CLA-Free Fatty Acid, CLA-Triacylglycerol, LA, Linoleic Acid, Trans-10,cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Contrayerba, Dorstenia contrajerva Dorstenia contrayerva, Herbe-Chapeau.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Foam Flower, Mitrewort, Tiarella cordifolia, Tiarelle Cordifoliée.
Copaiba Balsam
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Balsam, Baume de Copahu, Copaiba, Copaiba Oleoresin, Copaifera langsdorffii, Copaifera officinalis, Copaifera reticulata, Copaiva, Jesuit's Balsam.
A mineral.
Also known as: Atomic number 29, Cobre, Copper Citrate, Copper Gluconate, Copper Sulfate, Cu, Cuivre, Cupric Oxide, Cupric Sulfate, Cupric Sulfate Pentahydrate, Cuprum Aceticum, Cuprum Metallicum, Elemental Copper.
The skeletal structure of a marine animal.
Also known as: Calcium Carbonate Matrix, Coral Calcium, Coralline Hydroxyapatite, Goniopora species, Madrepora species, Marine Coral, Porites species, Sea Coral.
Coral Root
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Chicken Toe, Corallorhiza, Corallorhiza odontorhiza, Crawley, Crawley Root, Cymbidium odontorhizum, Fever Root, Scaley Dragon's Claw, Turkey Claw.
A fungus that lives on certain Chinese caterpillars.
Also known as: Caterpillar Fungus, Caterpillar Mushroom, Cs-4, Cordyceps sinensis, Dong Chong Xia Cao, Dong Chong Zia Cao, Hsia Ts'Ao Tung Ch'Ung, Tochukaso, Vegetable Caterpillar.
A plant; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, Coriandre, Coriandri Fructus, Coriander Essential Oil, Coriandrum sativum, Dhanyaka, Koriander, Kustumburi.
Coriolus Mushroom
A fungus.
Also known as: Boletus Versicolor, Champignon Coriolus, Coriolus, Coriolus versicolor, Hongo Coriolus, Kawaratake, Krestin, Polyporus Versicolor, Polysaccharide Peptide, Polysaccharide-K, Polysaccharide Krestin, Polystictus Versicolor, PSK, PSP, Trametes versicolor, Turkey Tail, Yun Zhi, Yun-Zhi (cloud mushroom).
Corkwood Tree
A plant; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Boacouillo, Boanco, Duboisia myoporoides, Pituri.
Corn Cockle
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Agrostemma githago, Cockle, Corn Campion, Corn Rose, Crown-of-the-Field, Nielle des Blés, Purple Cockle.
Corn Poppy
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Copperose, Coquelicot, Corn Rose, Cup-Puppy, Headache, Headwark, Lalpost, Rakta Posta, Rakta-Posta, Rakta Khakasa, Red Poppy, Rhoeados Flos.
Corn Silk
From the corn plant. The silk from the top of an ear of corn is used as a medicine.
Also known as: Indian Corn, Maidis Stigma, Maize Silk, Purple Corn, Seda de Maíz, Soie de Maïs, Stigma Maydis, Yu Mi Xiu, Zea, Zea mays.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Bachelor's Buttons, Bleuet, Bluebonnet, Bluebottle, Bluebow, Blue Cap, Blue Centaury, Centaurea cyanus, Centaurea segetum, Corn Flower, Cyani Blossoms, Cyani Flos, Cyani Flowers, Cyani Petals, Hurtsickle.

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