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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: Cb-Ck

A plant. The fruit and seeds are used for medicine.
Also known as: Aches des Marais, Ajamoda, Ajmoda, Ajwan, Apii Frutus, Apio, Apium graveolens, Céleri, Celery Fruit, Celery Seed, Fruit de Celeri, Karmauli, Qin Cai, Smallage, Selleriefruchte, Selleriesamen.
An herb. The dried, above ground parts are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bitter Herb, Centaurium erythraea, Centaurium minus, Centaurium umbellatum, Common Centaury, Drug Centaurium, Erythraea centaurium, Lesser Centauru, Minor Centaury, Petit Centaurée.
An herb; The flower, stem and shoots are used for medicine.
Also known as: Cactus grandiflorus, Cereus grandiflorus, Night Blooming Cereus, Selenicereus, Selenicereus grandiflorus, Sweet Scented Cactus.
An element.
Also known as: Atomic number 55, Caesium, Cesio, Cesium-137, Cesium Chloride, Cs, CsCl, High pH Therapy.
Cetylated Fatty Acids
A kind of fat.
Also known as: Acides Gras Cetylated, Ácidos Grasos Cetilados, Cerasomal-cis-9-cetylmyristoleate, Cetyl Laureate, Cetyl Myristate, Cetyl Myristoleate, Cetyl Oleate, Cetyl Palmitate, Cetyl Palmitoleate, Cetylated Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, Cetylmyristoleate, CFA, CM, CMO, Esterified Fatty Acid Carbons, Esterified Fatty Acids.
Cha De Bugre
A tree; Used in tea and for medicine.
Also known as: Bois d'ine, Brazilian Diet Pill, Bugrinho, Cafezinho, Cafe de Bugre, Cafe do Mato, Cha-de-Negro-Mina, Chá de Bugre, Cha de Frade, Claraiba, Coffee of the Woods, Coquelicot, Cordia Ecalyculata, Cordia Salicifolia, Grao-do-Porco, Laranjeira-do-Mato, Louro-Salgueiro, Louro-Mole, Porangaba, Rabugem.
Chanca Piedra
An herb; The entire plant is used for medicine.
Also known as: Amli, Arranca-Pedras, Bhonya, Bhoomi Amalaki, Bhui-Amla, Bhumi Amla, Bhuianvalah, Bhuimy Amali, Bhuin Amla, Bhumy Amalaki, Bhumyamalaki, Cane Peas Senna, Cane Senna, Carry-Me-Seed, Chancapiedra, Chanca-Piedra Blanca, Child Pick-a-Back, Creole Senna, Daun Marisan, Derriere-Dos, Des Dos, Deye Do, Dukong Anak, Elrageig, Elrigeg, Erva-Pombinha, Evatbimi, Feuilles la Fievre, Gale-Wind Grass, Graine En Bas Fievre, Hurricane Weed, Jar-Amla, Jar Amla, Kizha Nelli, Malva-Pedra, Mapatan, Memeniran, Meniran, Niruri, Nymphanthus Niruri, Para-Parai Mi, Paraparai Mi, Pei, Phyllanto, Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus Carolinianus, Phyllanthus Fraternus, Phyllanthus Kirganella, Phyllanthus Lathyroides, Phyllanthus Lonphali, Phyllanthus Niruri, Phyllanthus Sellowianus, Pitirishi, Pombinha, Punarnava, Quebra Pedra, Quebrapedra, Quinina Criolla, Quinine Creole, Quinine Weed, Rami Buah, Sacha Foster, Sasha Foster, Seed on the Leaf, Shka-Nin-Du, Shatter Stone, Stone Breaker, Stone-Breaker, Stonebreaker, Tamalaka, Turi Hutan, Viernes Santo, Ya-Taibai, Yaa Tai Bai, Yah-Tai-Bai, Yerba de San Pablo.
A plant; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Jarilla, Larrea tridentata, Larrea divaricata, Larreastat, Larrea mexicana, Zygophyllum tridentatum.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Da Feng Zi, Hydnocarp, Hydnocarpus anthelminthicus, Hydnocarpus kurzii, Gynocardia Oil, Oleum Chaulmoograe, Taraktogenos kurzii.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Arryan, Chekan, Eugenia chequen, Luma chequen, Mirte, Myrtus, Myrtus chequen.
Chelated Minerals
Complexes of minerals and amino acids.
Also known as: Chelated Boron, Chelated Calcium, Chelated Chromium, Chelated Cobalt, Chelated Copper, Chelated Iron, Chelated Magnesium, Chelated Manganese, Chelated Molybdenum, Chelated Potassium, Chelated Selenium, Chelated Trace Minerals, Chelated Vanadium, Chelated Zinc, Mineral-amino acid complex, Minerales Quelados, Minéraux Chélatés.
Chenopodium Oil
An herb. The oil of, above ground, flowering, and fruiting parts or seeds are used for medicine.
Also known as: Ansérine Huile, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides anthelminticum, Epazote, Jesuit Tea, Mexican Tea.
Cherokee Rosehip
An herb; The fruit is used for medicine.
Also known as: Cherokee Rose, Cherokee Rose Musquée, Chinese Rosehip, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, Jin Yin Zi, Jinyingzi, Rosa camellia, Rosa cherokeensis, Rosa laevigata, Rosa Mosqueta Cherokee, Rosa nivea, Rosa sinica, Rosa ternata.
Cherry Laurel Water
Produced by water distillation of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) leaves.
Also known as: Agua de Laurel Cerezo, Cerasus laurocerasus, Common Cherry Laurel, Eau de Laurier-Cerise, Laurocerasus Leaves, Laurocerasus officinalis, Laurocerasus ottinii, Laurocerasus vulgaris, Prunus grandifolia, Prunus laurocerasus.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Anthriscus cerefolium, Anthriscus longirostris, Cerfeuil, Garden Chervil, Salad Chervil, Scandix cerefolium.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Chía, Chia Fresca, Chia Grain, Chia Oil, Chia Seed, Chia Sprout, Pinole, S. Hispanica, Salba, Salba Grain, Salvia hispanica, Salvia Hispanica L.
Chicken Collagen
A protein that is part of cartilage, bone, and other tissues in animals and humans.
Also known as: Chicken Collagen Type II, Chicken Type II Collagen, Colágeno de Pollo, Collagen II, Collagen Type II, Collagène de Poulet, Hydrolyzed Chicken Collagen Type II, Hydrolyzed Collagen Type II, Type II Collagen.
A plant; The leaf is used for medicine.
Also known as: Alsine media, Capiqui, Hierba Gallinera, Mouron des Oiseaux, Pamplina, Star Chickweed, Starweed, Stellaria media.
A plant. The roots and dried, above ground pieces are used to make medicine.
Chinese Club Moss
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Huperzia serrata, Huperazon, Licopodio Chino, Lycopodio Chinois, Lycopodium serrata, Qian Ceng Ta, Toothed Clubmoss.
Chinese Cucumber
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Chinese Cucumber Fruit, Chinese Cucumber Root, Chinese Cucumber Seed, Chinese Snake Gourd, Compound Q, Concombre Chinois, Gua Lou, Gua Luo Ren, Gualou, Tian Hua Fen, Trichosanthes, Trichosanthes Fruit Peel, Trichosanthes japonica, Trichosanthes kirilowii, Tricosanthes.
Chinese Mallow
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Cluster Malva, Malva, Malva verticillata, Mauve Chinois.
Chinese Prickly Ash
A plant. The bark and berry are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Chinese Pepper, Flatspine Prickly Ash, Frêne Épineux Chinois, Sansho, Szechwan Pepper, Szechuan Peppercorn, Zanthoxylum bungeanum, Zanthoxylum bungei, Zanthoxylum simulans.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Bitter Stick, Bitterstick, Chirayta, Chiretta, East Indian Balmony, Genciana de la India, Gentiana chirata, Gentiana chirayita, Indian Bolonong, Indian Gentian, Kairata, Kirata, Swertia chirata, Swertia chirayita, Yin Du Zhang Ya Cai.
An indigestible sugar. It is obtained from the hard outer skeleton of shellfish.
Also known as: Chitosan Ascorbate; Deacetylated Chitosan, Enzymatic Polychitosamine Hydrolisat, HEP-30; Mono-Carboxymethylated Chitosan, N-Carboxybutyl Chitosan; N,O-Sulfated Chitosan; O-Sulfated N-Acetylchitosan; Quitosano, Sulfated N-Carboxymethylchitosan; Sulfated O-Carboxymethylchitosan, Trimethyl Chitosan Chloride.
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Allium schoenoprasum, Allium sibiricum, Chinese Chive, Chives, Ciboulette, Cives.
A freshwater algae.
Also known as: Bulgarian Chlorella, Bulgarian Green Algae, Chinese Chlorella, Chlorella Algae, Chlorella Vulgaris, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Clorela, Freshwater Green Algae, Freshwater Seaweed, Green Alga, Green Algae, Japanese Chlorella, Seaweed, Yaeyama Chlorella.
A green pigment found in plants. It helps plants make food.
Also known as: Chlorophyll a, Chlorophyll b, Chlorophyll c, Chlorophyll d, Chlorophylle, Clorofila.
A chemical that is derived from chlorophyll.
Also known as: Chlorophylline, Clorofilina, Sodium Copper Chlorophyll, Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin.
Can be made in the liver. It is also found in foods such as liver, muscle meats, fish, nuts, beans, peas, spinach, wheat germ, and eggs.
Also known as: Bitartre de Choline, Chlorure de Choline, Choline Bitartrate, Choline Chloride, Choline Citrate, Citrate de Choline, Colina, Facteur Lipotropique, Hydroxyde de Triméthylammonium (bêta-hydroxyéthyl), Intrachol, L-Choline, Lipotropic Factor, Methylated Phosphatidylethanolamine, Trimethylethanolamine, Triméthyléthanolamine, (beta-hydroxyethyl) Trimethylammonium hydroxide.
Chondroitin Sulfate
A chemical that is normally found in cartilage around joints in the body.
Also known as: Calcium Chondroitin Sulfate, CDS, Chondroitin, Chondroitin Polysulfate, Chondroitin Polysulphate, Chondroitin Sulfate A, Chondroitin Sulfates, Chondroitin Sulfate B, Chondroitin Sulfate C, Chondroitin Sulphates, Chondroitin Sulphate A Sodium, Chondroïtine, Chondroïtine Sulfate A, Chondroïtine Sulfate B, Chondroïtine Sulfate C, Chondroïtine 4-sulfate, Chondroïtine 4- et 6- sulfate, Condroitin, CPS, CS, CSA, CSC, GAG, Galactosaminoglucuronoglycan Sulfate, Chondroitin 4-sulfate, Chondroitin 4- and 6-sulfate, Poly-(1->3)-N-aceltyl-2-amino-2-deoxy-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranurosyl-4-(or 6-), Polysulfate de Chondroïtine, Sulfate de Chondroïtine, Sulfate de Galactosaminoglucuronoglycane, Sulfates de Chondroïtine, Sulfato de Condroitina.
A metal. It is called an "essential trace element”.
Also known as: Acétate de Chrome, Atomic Number 24, Chlorure Chromique, Chlorure de Chrome, Chrome, Chrome III, Chrome 3+, Chrome FTG, Chrome Facteur de Tolérance au Glucose, Chrome Trivalent, Chromic Chloride, Chromium Acetate, Chromium Chloride, Chromium Nicotinate, Chromium Picolinate, Chromium Polynicotinate, Chromium Proteinate, Chromium Trichloride, Chromium Tripicolinate, Chromium III, Chromium III Picolinate, Chromium 3+, Cr III, Cr3+, Cromo, Glucose Tolerance Factor-Cr, GTF, GTF Chromium, GTF-Cr, Kali Bichromicum, Nicotinate de Chrome, Numéro Atomique 24, Picolinate de Chrome, Picolinate de Chrome III, Polynicotinate de Chrome, Potassium Bichromate, Protéinate de Chrome, Trichlorure de Chrome, Tripicolinate de Chrome, Trivalent Chromium, Cr.
A plant; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Anthemis grandiflorum, Anthemis stipulacea, Chrysanthème, Chrysanthemum indicum, Chrysanthemum sinense, Chrysanthemum stipulaceum, Chrysanthemum morifolium, Crisantemo, Dendranthema grandiflorum, Dendranthema morifolium, Florist's Chrysanthemum, Flos Chrysantemi, Ju Hua, Matricaria morifolia, Mum, Yao Jiu Ha, Ye Ju Hua.
A flavonoid that occurs naturally in plants such as the passionflower, silver linden, and some geranium species.
Also known as: 5,7-Chrysin, 5,7-Dihydroxyflavone, Chrysine, Flavone X, Flavonoid, Galangin Flavanone.
An enzyme.
Also known as: A-Chymotrypsin, Alpha-Chymotrypsin, Chymotrypsin A, Chymotrypsin B, Chymotrypsine, Chymotrypsinum, L-Chymotrypsin, Quimotripsina.
A poison. It can be ingested by eating contaminated fish.
Also known as: Gambierdiscus toxicus.
A tree; The bark is used for medicine.
Also known as: Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona carabayensis, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona pubescens, Cinchona succirubra, Chinarinde, Cinchonine, Ecorce de Quina, Fieberrinde, Jesuit's Bark, Peruvian Bark, Quina, Quinine, Quino, Red Cinchona Bark.
Cinnamon Bark
Comes from a tree; The bark is used for medicine.
Also known as: Batavia Cassia, Batavia Cinnamon, Cannelier de Ceylan, Cannelle de Ceylan, Cannelle de Saïgon, Cannelle du Sri Lanka, Ceylon Cinnamon, Ceylonzimt, Ceylonzimtbaum, Cinnamomum verum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Corteza de Canela, Dalchini, Écorce de Cannelle, Laurus cinnamomum, Madagascar Cinnamon, Padang-Cassia, Panang Cinnamon, Saigon Cassia, Saigon Cinnamon, Sri Lanka Cinnamon, Thwak, Tvak.
A brain chemical that occurs naturally in the body.
Also known as: 5'-Cytidine diphosphate choline, CDPC, CDP Choline, CDP-Choline, Citicholine, Citicolina, Cytidine 5-Diphosphocholine, Cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine, Cytidine (5') diphosphocholine, Cytidine Diphosphate Choline, Cytidine Diphosphocholine, Cytidinediphosphocholine.
Citronella Oil
An herb; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Aceite de Citronela, Andropogon nardus, Ceylon Citronella, Cymbopogon afronardus, Cymbopogon nardus, Cymbopogon validus, Cymbopogon winterianus, Hu
A secretion from the glands of an African mammal.
Also known as: African Civet, Civette d'Afrique, Civettictis civetta, Large Indian Civet, Viverra civetta, Viverra zibetha, Zibeth.

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