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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: Ca

A plant; the leaves are used for medicine.
Also known as: Brassica oleracea, Chou, Col, Colewort, Collard Greens, Green Cabbage, Kale, Karam Kalla, Purple Cabbage, Red Cabbage, Repollo, Vitamin U, White Cabbage.
A plant; The leaf, stem, and oil is used for medicine.
Also known as: Alquitran de Enebro, Cade Essential Oil, Cade Leaf, Cade Oil, Cade Stem, Cade Wood, Cade Wood Essential Oil, Cade Wood Oil, Goudron de Cade, Juniper Tar, Juniper Tar Oil, Juniperus oxycedrus, Kadeol, Oil of Cade, Oil of Juniper Tar, Oleum Cadinum, Oleum Juniperi Empyreumaticum, Pix Cadi, Pix Juniper, Pix Oxycedri, Pyroleum Juniperi, Pyroleum Oxycedri, Wacholderteer.
A chemical; Products include coffee, tea, cola, guarana and mate.
Also known as: 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1,3,7-triméthylxanthine, Anhydrous Caffeine, Cafeina, Caféine, Caféine Anhydre, Caféine et Benzodate de Sodium, Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate, Caffeine Anhydrous, Caffeine Citrate, Caffeinum, Citrate de Caféine, Citrated Caffeine, Methylxanthine, Méthylxanthine, Trimethylxanthine, Triméthylxanthine.
Cajeput Oil
A plant. The oil the leaves and twigs are used for medicine.
Also known as: Aceite de Cajeput, Cajeputi Aetheroleum, Huile de Cajeput, Kajuput, Kajuputi leucadendra, Kayaputi, Melaleuca leucadendra, Melaleuca Leucodendron, Melaleuca quinquenervia, Myrtus leucadendra, Paperbark Tree Oil, Punk Tree.
Calabar Bean
A plant; The bean is used for medicine.
Also known as: Chop Nut, Esere Nut, Faba Calabarica, Fève de Calabar, Ordeal Bean, Physostigma, Physostigma venenosum.
A plant; The above ground pieces are used for medicine.
Also known as: Basil Thyme, Calament, Lesser Calamint, Calamintha nepeta, Mill Mint, Mountain Balm, Mountain Mint.
A plant; The root is used for medicine.
Also known as: Acore Olorant, Acorus americanus, Acorus calamus, Acorus gramineus, Acorus sp., Bach, Cálamo, Cinnamon Sedge, Flagroot, Gladdon, Grass-Leaf Sweetflag, Grass Myrtle, Kalmus, Myrtle Flag, Myrtle Sedge, Sadgrantha, Sweet Cane, Sweet Cinnamon, Sweet Calamus, Sweet Flag, Sweet Grass, Sweet Myrtle, Sweet Root, Sweet Rush, Sweet Sedge, Ugragandha, Vach, Vacha, Vachha, Vaj, Vayambur.
A mineral; It is an essential part of bones and teeth.
Also known as: Acétate de Calcium, Aspartate de Calcium, Bone Meal, Calcio, Calcium Acetate, Calcium Aspartate, Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Chelate, Calcium Chloride, Calcium Citrate, Calcium Citrate Malate, Calcium D-Gluconate, Calcium Disuccinate, Calcium Gluconate, Calcium Glycerophosphate, Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate, Calcium Hydroxyapatite, Calcium Lactate, Calcium Lactogluconate, Calcium Orotate, Calcium Phosphate, Calcium Sulfate, Carbonate de Calcium, Chélate de Calcium, Chlorure de Calcium, Citrate de Calcium, Citrate Malate de Calcium, Coquilles d'Huîtres Moulues, Coquilles d'œuf, Dicalcium Phosphate, Di-Calcium Phosphate, Dolomite, Egg Shell Calcium, Gluconate de Calcium, Glycérophosphate de Calcium, Heated Oyster Shell-Seaweed Calcium, Hydroxyapatite, Lactate de Calcium, Lactogluconate de Calcium, MCHA, MCHC, Microcrystalline Hydroxyapatite, Orotate de Calcium, Ossein Hydroxyapatite, Oyster Shell, Oyster Shell Calcium, Phosphate de Calcium, Phosphate de Calcium Hydrogène, Phosphate de di-Calcium, Phosphate Tricalcium, Poudre d'os, Sulfate de Calcium, Tricalcium Phosphate.
Calcium D-glucarate
A chemical; It is made by combining glucaric acid with calcium to make supplements.
Also known as: Calcio D-Glucarato, Calcium Glucarate, Calcium-D Glucarate, Calcium-D-Glucarate, D-Glucarate (GA), D-glucaro-1,4-lactone (1,4 GL).
A plant; The flower is used for medicine.
Also known as: Caléndula, Calendula officinalis, Calendule, English Garden Marigold, Garden Marigold, Gold-Bloom, Holligold, Marigold, Marybud, Pot Marigold, Souci des Jardins, Souci Officinale, Zergul.
California Poppy
A plant; The dried, above ground pieces are used for medicine.
Also known as: Amapola de California, Eschscholzia californica, Pavot de Californie, Poppy California, Yellow Poppy.
A plant; The bark and root are used for medicine.
Also known as: Aak, Ak, Akada, Alarka, Arka, Asclepias procera, Calotropis procera, Dead Sea Apple, Mudar Bark, Muder Yercum, Sodom-Apple, Swallow-Wort.
A chemical; Manufactured from turpentine oil.
Also known as: Alcanfor, Arbre à Camphre, Camphor Tree, Camphora, Camphora Officinarum, Camphre, Camphre de Laurier, Camphre Gomme, Camphrier, Cemphire, Cinnamomum Camphora, dl-Camphor, dl-Camphre, Gum Camphor, Kapur, Karpoora, Karpuram, Laurel Camphor, Laurus camphora.
Camu Camu
A shrub; The fruit is used as food and the leaves are used for medicine.
Also known as: Araca d'agua, Araza de Agua, Cacari, Camo Camo, Camocamo, Camu-camu Negro, Guapuro Blanco, Rumberry.
Canada Balsam
A plant; Commonly used for medicine.
Also known as: Abies balsamea, Balm of Gilead, Balsam Canada, Balsam, Balsam Fir, Balsam Fir Canada, Balsam of Fir, Bálsamo de Canadá, Baume du Canada, Canada Turpentine, Canadian Balsam, Eastern Fir, Fir Balsam, Pinus balsamea.
Canadian Fleabane
A plant; The above ground pieces are used for medicine.
Also known as: Butterweed, Canadian Horseweed, Canadian-Fleabane, Canadian Trailing Arbutus, Coltstail, Conyza canadensis, Erigeron canadensis, Flea Wort, Hogweed, Horsewood, Prideweed, Vergerette du Canada.
Canadian Hemp
An herb; The root is used for medicine.
Also known as: Apocino del Canadá, Apocynum cannabinum, Bitter Root, Cáñamo Canadiense, Cáñamo Indio, Catchfly, Chanvre Canadien, Dogbane, Fly-Trap, Honeybloom, Indian-Hemp, Indian Physic, Milk Ipecac, Milkweed, Wallflower, Wild Cotton.
A plant; The root is used for medicine.
Also known as: Red American Ginseng, Rumex hymenosepalus, Wild Red American Ginseng, Wild Red Desert Ginseng.
Cananga Oil
A plant; Commonly used in food and cosmetics.
Also known as: Cananga odorata forma. macrophylla, canangium odoratum forma. macrophylla, Huile de Cananga Odorata.
An herb; The ground bark is used in food and for medicine.
Also known as: Barbasco, Canelle Blanche, Curbana, Macambo, Canella alba, Canella winteriana, Laurus winteriana, White Cinnamon, White Wood, Wild Cinnamon, Winterana canella.
A chemical. Either naturally or manufactured for medicine.
Also known as: Canthaxanthine, Carophyll Red, CI Food Orange 8, Colour Index No. 40850, E161, Roxanthin Red 10.
A plant; The unopened flower bud and above ground parts are used for medicine.
Also known as: Cabra, Caper Bush, Capparis spinosa, Cappero, Câprier, Himsra.
An herb; The fruit is used for medicine.
Also known as: African Bird Pepper, African Chillies, African Pepper, Aji, Bird Pepper, Capsaicin, Capsaïcine, Capsicum annuum, Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum minimum, Capsicum pubescens, Cayenne, Cayenne Pepper, Chili, Chili Pepper, Chilli, Chillies, Cis-capsaicin, Civamide, Garden Pepper, Goat's Pod, Grains of Paradise, Green Chili Pepper, Green Pepper, Hot Pepper, Hungarian Pepper, Ici Fructus, Katuvira, Lal Mirchi, Louisiana Long Pepper, Louisiana Sport Pepper, Mexican Chilies, Mirchi, Oleoresin capsicum, Paprika, Paprika de Hongrie, Pili-pili, Piment de Cayenne, Piment Enragé, Piment Fort, Piment-oiseau, Pimento, Poivre de Cayenne, Poivre de Zanzibar, Poivre Rouge, Red Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Tabasco Pepper, Trans-capsaicin, Zanzibar Pepper, Zucapsaicin, Zucapsaïcine.
A succulent plant from India.
Also known as: C. Fimbriate, Caraluma, Caralluma ascendens, Caralluma Cactus, Caralluma Extract, Caralluma fimbriata, Caralluma Fimbriata Extract, Caraluma Pregnane Glycosides, Kallimudayan, Karallamu, Kullee Mooliyan, Makad Shenguli, Ranshabar, Shindala Makadi, Wild Succulent Cactus, Yugmaphallottama.
A plant; The oil , fruit and seeds are used for medicine.
Also known as: Alcaravea, Anis des Vosges, Apium carvi, Carraway, Carum carvi, Carum velenovskyi, Carvi, Carvi Fructus, Cumin des Pres, Haravi, Jeera, Jira, Kala Jira, Karwiya, Krishan Jeeraka, Krishnajiraka, Kummel, Kummich, Roman Cumin, Semen Cumini Pratensis, Semences de Carvi, Shahijra, Shiajira, Wiesen-Feldkummel, Wild Cumin.
An herb; The seeds are used for medicine.
Also known as: Amomum cardamomum, Bai Dou Kou, Black Cardamom, Cardamome, Cardamomo, Cardamom Essential Oil, Cardomom, Cardomomi Fructus, Ela, Elettaria cardamomum, Green Cardamom, Indian Cardamom, Lesser Cardamom.
An herb; The extracts of the roots are used for medicine.
Also known as: Carlina acaulis, Carlinae Radix, Carline Acaule, Dwarf Carline, Eberwurz, Ground Thistle, Racine de Carline Acaule, Radix Cardopatiae, Radix Chamaeleontis Albae, Silberdistelwurz, Stemless Carlina Root, Southernwood Root.
A protein building block that is naturally produced in the body.
Also known as: B-alanyl-L-histidine, B-alanyl histidine, Beta-alanyl-L-histidine, Carnosina, L-carnosine, N-Acetyl-Carnosine, N-Acetyl-L-Carnosine.
An herb; Used in food and medicine.
Also known as: Algarrobo, Garrofero, Ceratonia siliqua, Locust Bean, Locust Bean Gum, Locust Pods, St. John's Bread, Sugar Pods.
An herb. The dried, above ground parts are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bacanta, Baccharis trimera, Baccharis genistelloides, Baccharis triptera, Baccharis trinervis, Baccharis cylindrica, Baccharis myriocephala, Baccharis milleflora, Baccharis crispa, Baccharis gaudichaudiana, Cacalia Amara, Caclia Doce, Cacalia-Amarga, Cacalia-Amargosa, Cacliadoce, Carqueja Amara, Carqueja-Amargosa, Carqueja-Do-Mato, Carquejilla, Carquejinha, Chinchimani, Chirca Melosa, Condamina, Cuchi-Cuchi, Quimsa-Kuchu, Quina-De-Condamiana, Quinsu-Cucho, Tiririca-De-Balaio, Tres-Espigas, Vassoura.
Made from various red algae or seaweeds and is used for medicine.
Also known as: Algas, Carrageen, Carrageenin, Carragenano, Carragenina, Carragheenan, Carraghénane, Chondrus crispus, Chondrus Extract, Euchema species, Gigartina chamissoi, Gigartina mamillosa, Gigartina skottsbergii, Irish Moss Algae, Irish Moss Extract, Mousse D'Irlande, Red Marine Algae.
A shrub. The dried bark is used to make medicine.
Also known as: Bitter Bark, Buckthorn, California Buckthorn, Cascara Sagrada, Chittem Bark, Dogwood Bark, Frangula purshiana, Purshiana Bark, Rhamni Purshianae Cortex, Rhamnus purshiana, Sacred Bark, Sagrada Bark, Yellow Bark.
A plant; The bark is used for medicine.
Also known as: Bahama Cascarilla, Cascarille, Clutia eluteria, Croton eluteria, Sweet Bark, Sweet Wood Bark.
Casein Peptides
Byproducts of milk proteins.
Also known as: Bovine Casein Hydrosylate, C12, C12 Peptide, C12 Peption, Calcium Caseinate, Casein Decapeptide, Casein-derived Peptide, Casein Hydrosylate, Casein Peptide, Casein Phosphopeptide, Casein Protein Extract, Casein Protein Hydrosylate, Casein Tripeptide, Casein Tryptic Hydrolysate, Caséinate, Caséinate de Calcium, Caséine de Potassium, Caséine Hydrolysée, Concentré de Caséine Hydrolysée, Cysteine Milk Peptide, Extrait de Protéine de Caséine, Extrait de Protéine de Lait, Hydrolysed Casein, Hydrolyzed Casein, Hydrolyzed Casein Concentrate, Hydrolyzed Lactalbumin, Hypotensive Peptides, Isoleucyl-Prolyl-Proline, Lactalbumin Hydrolysate, Lactalbumine Hydrolysée, Lactotripeptide, Milk Protein Extract, Milk Protein Hydrosylate, Peptide C12, Peptide Dérivé de la Caséine, Peptides de Caseine, Peptides de Caséine, Peptides Hypotenseurs, Péptidos de la Caseína, Potassium Caseinate, Protéine de Lait Hydrolysée, Sodium Caseinate, Sour Milk Extract, Sour Milk Peptides, Tripeptide de Caséine, Valyl-Prolyl-Proline.
A nut; Used for medicine.
Also known as: Anacardium occidentale, Cajou, East Indian Almond, Kaju.
Cassia Auriculata
A shrub. The flower, leaves, stem, root, and unripe fruit are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Avaram, Avari Panchaga Choornam, Kalpa Herbal Tea, Ranawara, Senna auriculata, Tanner's Cassia.
Cassia Cinnamon
A plant. The bark and flower are used for medicine.
Also known as: Bastard Cinnamon, Canela de Cassia, Canela Molida, Canelle, Cannelle Bâtarde, Cannelle Cassia, Cannelle de Ceylan, Cannelle de Chine, Cannelle de Cochinchine, Cannelle de Padang, Cannelle de Saigon, Cannelier Casse, Canton Cassia, Casse, Casse Odorante, Cassia, Cassia Aromaticum, Cassia Bark, Cassia Lignea, Chinese Cinnamon, Cinnamomi Cassiae Cortex, Cinnamomum, Cinnamomum aromaticum, Cinnamomum cassia, Cinnamomum ramulus, Cinnamon, Cinnamon Essential Oil, Cinnamon Flos, Cinnamoni Cortex, Cinnamonomi Cortex, Cortex Cinnamomi, Écorce de Cassia, False Cinnamon, Fausse Cannelle, Gui Zhi, Huile Essentielle de Cannelle, Keishi, Laurier des Indes, Nees, Ramulus Cinnamomi, Rou Gui, Sthula Tvak, Taja, Zimbluten.
Cassie Absolute
An extract of the flower of Acacia farnesiana. It is used for medicine.
Also known as: Acacia farnesiana, Cassie, Huisache, Mimosa farnesiana, Popinac Absolute, Sweet Acacia.
A bean. The oil is used as medicine.
Also known as: African Coffee Tree, Arandi, Bi Ma Zi, Bofareira, Castorbean, Castor Bean, Castor Bean Plant, Castor Oil, Castor Oil Plant, Castor Seed, Erand, Eranda, Gandharva Hasta, Mexico Weed, Palma Christi, Ricin, Ricine, Ricino, Ricinus communis, Ricinus Sanguines, Tangantangan Oil Plant, Wonder Tree.
A secretion collected from the glands of Canadian, European, and Siberian beavers.
Also known as: Canadian Beaver, Castor canadensis, Castor fiber, Castoréum, European Beaver, Siberian Beaver.
Cat's Claw
A plant. The root and bark are used for medicine.
Also known as: Griffe Du Chat, Life-giving Vine of Peru, Samento, Uña De Gato, Uncaria guianensis, Uncaria tomentosa.
Cat’s Foot
A plant. The flowers are used to make medicine.
Also known as: Antennaria Dioica, Antennariase Dioicae Flos, Cat's Ear Flower, Cudweed, Katsenpfotchenbluten, Life Everlasting, Mountain Everlasting, Pied de Chat Dioïque.
An herb. The leaves, shoots, and wood are used to make medicine
Also known as: Black Catechu: Acacia catechu, Acacia Catechu Heartwood Extract, Black Cutch, Cachou, Cashou, Catechu nigrum, Catecu, Cutch, Dark Catechu, Er Cha, Khair, Khadira, Mimosa catechu, Pegu Catechu. Pale Catechu: Cube Gambir, Gambier, Gambir, Gambir Catechu, Nauclea gambir, Ourouparia gambir, Terra Japonica, Uncaria gambier, Uncaria Gambier Leaf/Twig Extract.
A plant. The flowering tops are used for medicine.
Also known as: Cataire, Catmint, Catnep, Catswort, Field Balm, Herbe à Chats, Hierba Gatera, Menta De Gato, Menthe des Chats, Nepeta cataria.
An herb; The bark is used for medicine.
Also known as: Caramuru, Catuaba Casca, Chuchuhuasha, Erythroxylum catuaba, Golden Trumpet, Pau De Reposta, Piratancara, Tatuaba.

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