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Supplement, Vitamin and Herb Ingredient Glossary

Ingredient Glossary: Ba-Bk

Ba Ji Tian
A plant; Commonly used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Ba Ji, Bi Ji, Indian Mulberry, Morinda, Morinda Root, Morindae officinalis, Morindae Radix, Noni, Radix Morindae Officinalis.
Bacillus Coagulans
A bacteria; It is used similar to lactobacillus as a "beneficial" bacteria.
Also known as: B. Coagulans, Bacillus Bacteria, Bacillus Probiotics, Gram Positive Spore-Forming Rod, L. Sporogenes, Lactobacillus Sporogenes, Probiotic, Spore-Forming Lactobacillus.
A plant; The unripe fruit, root, leaf, and branch are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Aegle Marmelos, Bael Tree, Bel, Bengal Quince, Bilva, Bilwa, Indian Bael, Shivaphala, Stone Apple.
Baikal Skullcap
A plant; The root is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Baikal Scullcap, Baikal Skullcap Root, Chinese Skullcap, Escutelaria Asiatica, Huang Qin, Huangquin, Hwanggum, Ogon, Ou-gon, Radix Scutellariae, Scullcap, Scute, Skullcap, Scutellaria, Scutellaria baicalensis, Scutellaria macrantha, Scutellariae Radix, Wogon.
A plant; Juice from young bamboo shoots is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Arrow Bamboo, Arundinaria japonica, Bambou, Bambú, Pseudosasa japonica, Sasa japonica, Yadake.
A tree; The leaves are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Banaba extract, Banabalean, Corosolic acid, Crape Myrtle, Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia flos-reginae, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Munchausia speciosa, Pride-of-India, Pyinma, Queen's Crape Myrtle.
A plant; Commonly used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Barley Beta-Glucan, Barley Bran, Barley Grass, Barley Malt, Cebada, Cereal Fiber, Dietary Fiber, Green Barley, Green Barley Grass, Hordeum, Hordeum Distichon, Hordeum Distychum, Hordeum Vulgare, Mai Ya, Orge, Pearl Barley, Pot Barley, Scotch Barley, Sprouted Barley, Sprouted Barley Malt.
An herb; The above ground pieces are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Albahaca, Basilic, Basilici Herba, Basilici Herba, Common Basil, Garden Basil, Krishna Tulsi, Munjariki, Ocimum basilicum St. Josephwort, Surasa, Sweet Basil, Vanatulasi, Varvara, Visva Tulsi.
A plant; The root bark and berries are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Árbol de Cera, Arbre à Cire, Candleberry, Morella caroliniensis, Morella cerifera, Morella pensylvanica, Myrica, Myrica caroliniensis, Myrica cerifera, Myrica heterophylla, Myrica pensylvanica, Myrica pumila, Southern Bayberry, Southern Wax Myrtle, Tallow Shrub, Vegetable Tallow, Wax Myrtle, Waxberry.
Bean Pod
A plant; Commonly used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Baked Beans, Black Beans, Cannelli Beans, Common Bean, Des Gousses du Haricot, Green Bean, Kidney Bean, Kidney Beans, Legume, Lima Bean, Navy Bean, Phaseoli Fructus, Phaseolus, Phaseolus Vulgaris, Pinto Bean, Refried Beans, Seed-Free Bean Pods, Sine Semine, Snap Bean, Starch Blocker, String Bean, Vaina de Frijol, Wax Bean, White Bean, White Kidney Bean.
Bear's Garlic
A plant; The leaf and bulb are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Ail des Ours, Allium Ursinum, Bear Garlic, Bears Garlic, Broad-Leaved Garlic, Ramsons, Wild Garlic.
Bee Pollen
Refers to the flower pollen that is collected on the legs and bodies of bees. Pollens come from a multitude of plants.
Also known as: Bee Pollen Extract, Buckwheat Pollen, Honeybee Pollen, Honey Bee Pollen, Maize Pollen, Pine Pollen, Polen de Abeja, Pollen, Pollen D'Abeille.
Bee Venom
Bee venom comes from bees and is the poison that makes bee stings painful. Bee venom is used to for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Apis Mellifera, Apis Venenum Purum, Apitoxin, Bald-faced Hornet, Bee Sting Venom, Bombus terrestis, Bumblebee Venom, Honeybee Venom, Mixed Vespids, Pure Bee Venom, Veneno de Abeja, Venin d'Abeille, Vespula Maculata, Wasp Venom, White-Faced Hornet, Yellow Hornet, Yellow-Jacket Venom.
An alcoholic beverage.
Also known as: Alcohol, Biere, Cerveza, Ethanol.
A product made from the honeycomb of the honeybee. It is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Apic Cerana, Apis Mel, Apis Mellifera, Apis Mellifica, Bees Wax, Bleached Beeswax, Cera Alba, Cera de Abejas, Cera Flava, Cire d'Abeille, White Beeswax, White Wax, Yellow Beeswax, Yellow Wax.
A plant; The root is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Beet Greens, Beetroot, Beta Vulgaris, Betarraga, Beets, Betterave, Fodder Beet, Garden Beet, Green Beet, Mangel, Mangold, Red Beet, Remolacha, Scandinavian Beet, Sugarbeet, Yellow Beet.
A plant; The leaf and root are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Atropa Belladonna, Atropa Acuminata, Belladona, Belladone, Deadly Nightshade, Devil's Cherries, Devil's Herb, Divale, Dwale, Dwayberry, Great Morel, Indian Belladonna, Naughty Man's Cherries, Poison Black Cherries, Suchi.
A plant; The gum resin is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Benjoin, Benzoe, Gum Benjamin, Gum Benzoin, Loban, Lohban, Styrax Benzoin, Styrax Paralleloneurus, Sumatra Benzoin.
A chemical found in several plants and is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Berberina, Berbérine, Berberine Alkaloid, Berberine Complex, Berberine Sulfate.
Bergamot Oil
A plant; The oil of the plant is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Aceite de Bergamota, Bergamot, Bergamot Orange, Bergamota, Bergamotier, Bergamoto, Bergamotte, Bergamotto Bigarade Orange, Citrus Bergamia, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia, Huile de Bergamote, Oleum Bergamotte.
Beta Glucans
Sugars which are found in the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae, lichens, and plants such as oats and barley.
Also known as: 1-3,1-6-beta-glucan, Barley Beta-Glucan, Barley B-Glucan, beta-1,3-D-glucan, Beta-1,3/1,6-D-Glucan, Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucan, Beta-1,3 / 1,6 Glucans, Beta -1,3-D Glucan, Beta-1,3-Glucan, Beta 1,3 Glucan, Beta 1,6 Glucan, beta-1-6,1,3-beta-glucan, Beta 1,3 Glucans, Beta Glucan, Beta-Glucan, Bêta-glucanes, Beta Glucanos, Beta-Glucans, Beta Glycans, Beta-Glycans, Grifolan (GRN), Lentinan, Oat Beta Glucan, Oat B-Glucan, PGG Glucan, PGG-Glucan, Poly-[1-6]-Beta-D-Glucopyranosyl-[1-3]-Beta-D-Glucopyranose, Schizophyllan (SPG), SSG, Yeast-Derived Beta Glucan.
A dietary source of vitamin A. It can be found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. As well as being made in a laboratory.
Also known as: A-Beta-Carotene, A-Bêta-Carotène, Beta Carotene, Bêta-Carotène, Bêta-Carotène Tout Trans, Beta-Caroteno, Carotenes, Carotènes, Carotenoids, Caroténoïdes, Caroténoïdes Mélangés, Mixed Carotenoids, Provitamin A, Provitamine A.
A substance derived from plants as well as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. It is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Angelicin, Angélicine, B-Sitosterol 3-B-D-glucoside, B-Sitosterolin, Beta Sitosterin, Bêta-sitostérine, Beta Sitosterol, Bêta-Sitostérol, Beta-Sitosterol Glucoside, Beta-Sitosterol Glycoside, Campesterol, Campestérol, Cinchol, Cupreol, Ester de Stérol Végétal, Esters de Phytostérol, Esters de Stérol Dérivés d'huile Végétale, Glucoside de Bêta-Sitostérol, Phytosterol, Phytostérol, Phytosterol Esters, Phytosterols, Phytostérols, Plant Sterol Esters, Plant Sterolins, Plant Sterols, Quebrachol, Rhamnol, Sitosterin, Sitosterol, Sitosterolins, Sterinol, Stérolines, Stérolines Végétales, Sterolins, Stérols Végétaux, Stigmasterol, Stigmastérol, Vegetable Oil Sterol Esters, 3-beta-stigmast-5-en-3-ol, 22-23-dihydrostigmasterol, 24-beta-ethyl-delta-5-cholesten-3beta-ol, 24-ethyl-cholesterol.
Betaine Anhydrous
Occurs naturally in the body, and can be found in foods such as beets, spinach, cereals, seafood, and wine.
Also known as: 2(N,N,N-trimethyl)ammonium-acetate, Betaína Anhidra, Bétaïne Anhydre, Betaine Anhydrous, Cystadane, Glycine Betaine, Glycocoll Betaine, Glycylbetaine, Lycine, Oxyneurine, TMG, Trimethyl Glycine, Trimethylbetaine, Trimethylglycine, Trimethylglycine Anhydrous.
Betaine Hydrochloride
A chemical; Commonly used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Betaine, Betaine Chlorhydrate, Betaine HCl, Betaine Hydrochloric Acid, Chlorhidrato de Betaína, Trimethyl Glycine, Trimethylglycine, Trimethylglycine hydrochloride, TMG.
Beth Root
A plant; The root, root-like stem, and leaf are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Birthroot, Coughroot, Ground Lily, Jew's Harp Plant, Indian Balm, Indian Shamrock, Lamb's Quarters, Lirio Americano, Milk Ipecac, Pariswort, Rattlesnake Root, Snakebite, Stinking Benjamin, Three-Leafed Nightshade, Trillium erectum, Wake Robin.
A plant; The dried above ground pieces are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Bétoine, Betónica, Betonica officinalis, Bishopswort, Bishop Wort, Hedge Nettles, Stachys betonica, Stachys officinalis, Wood Betony.
A group of bacteria that normally live in the intestines.
Also known as: B. Bifidum, B. Breve, B. Infantis, B. lactis, B. Longum, Bifido, Bifido Bacterium Longum, Bifidobacterias, Bifidobactérie, Bifidobactéries, Bifidobacterium, Bifidobacterium adolescentis; Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum; Bifidobacterium breve; Bifidobacterium infantis; Bifidobacterium lactis; Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidum, Bifidus, Bifidobacteria Bifidus, Lactobacillus Bifidus, L. Bifidus, Probiotic, Probiotique.
A plant; The dried, ripe fruit and leaves are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Airelle, Arándano, Bilberry Fruit, Bilberry Leaf, Black Whortles, Bleaberry, Brimbelle, Burren Myrtle, Dwarf Bilberry, Dyeberry, European Bilberry, Feuille de Myrtille, Fruit de Myrtille, Gueule Noire, Huckleberry, Hurtleberry, Mauret, Myrtille, Myrtille Européenne, Myrtilli Fructus, Raisin des Bois, Swedish Bilberry, Trackleberry, Vaccinium myrtillus, Whortleberry, Wineberry.
a vitamin
Also known as: Biotina, Biotine, Biotine-D, Coenzyme R, D-Biotin, Vitamin B7, Vitamin H, Vitamine B7, Vitamine H, W Factor, Cis-hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-d]-imidazole-4-valeric Acid.
A tree; The leaves of the tree contain vitamin C and are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Abedul, Betula, Betula alba, Betulae Folium, Betula Pendula, Betula pubescens, Betula Verrucosa, Bouleau, Downy Birch, Silver Birch, White Birch.
Bishop's Weed
A plant; The seeds are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Ajava Seeds, Ajowan, Ajowan Caraway, Ajowan Seed, Ajowanj, Ajwain, Ajwan, Ameo Bastardo, Ammi glaucifolium, Ammi majus. Bishop's Flower, Bisnague, Bullwort, Carum, Espuma del Mar, Flowering Ammi, Omum, Yavani.
A plant; The root and stem are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Adderwort, Dragonwort, Easter Giant, Easter Mangiant, Oderwort, Osterick, Patience Dock, Polygonum Bistorta, Red Legs, Renouée Bistorte, Snakeweed, Sweet Dock.
Bitter Almond
A plant; The kernels are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Almendra Amarga, Almendro Amargo, Amande Amère, Amandier à Fruits Amers, Amendoa Amarga, Amygdala Amara, Amygdalus communis var. amara, Amygdalus dulcis var. amara, Bitter Almond Oil, Bitter Almond Tree, Bittere Amandel, Bittere Mandel, Bittere Mandeln, Bittere-Amandelboom, Bittermandel, Bittermandelbaum, Bittermandeltræ, Bittermandeltraed, Karvasmanteli, Mandorla Amara, Mandorlo Amaro, Mindal' Gor'kii, Prunus amygdalus var. amara, Prunus communis var. amara, Prunus dulcis var. amara, Volatile Almond Oil.
Bitter Melon
A plant; The fruit and seeds are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: African Cucumber, Ampalaya, Balsam Pear, Balsam-Apple, Balsambirne, Balsamine, Balsamo, Bitter Apple, Bitter Cucumber, Bitter Gourd, Bittergurke, Carilla Fruit, Carilla Gourd, Cerasee, Chinli-Chih, Concombre Africain, Courge Amère, Cundeamor, Fructus Mormordicae Grosvenori, Karavella, Kathilla, Karela, Kareli, Kerala, Kuguazi, K'u-Kua, Lai Margose, Margose, Melón Amargo, Melon Amer, Momordica, Momordica charantia, Momordica murcata, Momordique, Paroka, Pepino Montero, Poire Balsamique, Pomme de Merveille, P'u-T'ao, Sorosi, Sushavi, Vegetable insulin, Wild Cucumber.
Bitter Milkwort
A plant; The plant and root are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: European Bitter Polygala, European Senega, Evergreen Snakeroot, Flowering Wintergreen, Little Pollom, Polygala amara, Polygale Amer, Snakeroot.
Bitter Orange
A plant; The peel, flower, leaf, fruit, and fruit juice are used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: Aurantii Fructus, Aurantii fructus immaturus, Aurantii pericarpium, Aurantium, Bigarade, Bitter Orange Flower, Bitter Orange Peel, Chao Zhi Ke, Chisil, Citrus amara, Citrus aurantium, Citrus bigarradia, Citrus vulgaris, Extrait de Zeste d'Orange, Fleur d'Orange Amère, Fructus Aurantii, Fructus Aurantii Immaturus, Green Orange, Kijitsu, Methyl-Synephrine HCl, Méthyl-Synéphrine HCl, Naranja Amarga, Neroli Oil, Norsynephrine, Octopamine, Octopamine HCl, Orange Amère, Orange de Séville, Orange Peel Extract, Orange Verte, Seville Orange, Shangzhou Zhiqiao, Sour Orange, Synephrine, Synéphrine, Synephrine HCl, Synéphrine HCl, Zeste d'Orange Amère, Zhi Ke, Zhi Qiao, Zhi Shi.
Bitter Yam
A plant; The tuber is used for medicinal purposes.
Also known as: African Bitter Yam, Cluster Yam, Dioscorea dumetorum, Esuri Yam, Esuru, Helmia dumetorum, Igname Sauvage, Igname Trifoliolée, Ikamba, Inhame-bravo, Name Amargo, Name de Tres Hojas, Ono, Three-leaved Yam, Trifoliate Yam.
Bittersweet Nightshade
A vine-like plant.
Also known as: Amargamiel, Bitter Nightshade, Bittersweet, Blud Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Deadly Nightshade, Dulcamara, Fellen, Fellonwood, Felonwort, Fever Twig, Kakmachi, Morelle Douce-Amère, Mortal, Rubabarik, Scarlet Berry, Snake Berry, Solanum dulcamara, Staff Vine, Violet Bloom, Woody, Woody Nightshade

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